Section 6-11-20 Punitive damages not to be awarded other than where clear and convincing evidence
proven; definitions. (a) Punitive damages may not be awarded in any civil action, except civil
actions for wrongful death pursuant to Sections 6-5-391 and 6-5-410, other than in a tort
action where it is proven by clear and convincing evidence that the defendant consciously
or deliberately engaged in oppression, fraud, wantonness, or malice with regard to the plaintiff.
Nothing contained in this article is to be construed as creating any claim for punitive damages
which is not now present under the law of the State of Alabama. (b) As used in this article,
the following definitions shall apply: (1) FRAUD. An intentional misrepresentation, deceit,
or concealment of a material fact the concealing party had a duty to disclose, which was gross,
oppressive, or malicious and committed with the intention on the part of the defendant of
thereby depriving a person or entity of property or legal...
alisondb.legislature.state.al.us/alison/CodeOfAlabama/1975/6-11-20.htm - 2K - Match Info - Similar pages
Section 13A-12-200.5 Material harmful to minors - Distribution, possession with intent to distribute,
display for sale, etc., prohibited; penalty; affirmative defenses; operation of adult-only
enterprise near place frequented by minors; exceptions; disposition of fines. (1) It shall
be unlawful for any person to knowingly or recklessly distribute to a minor, possess with
intent to distribute to a minor, or offer or agree to distribute to a minor any material which
is harmful to minors. Any person who violates this subsection shall be guilty of a misdemeanor
and, upon conviction, shall be punished by a fine of not more than ten thousand dollars ($10,000)
and may also be imprisoned in the county jail for not more than one year. (2)a. It shall be
unlawful for any person to openly and knowingly display for sale at any business establishment
frequented by minors, or any other place where minors are or may be invited as part of the
general public, any material which is harmful to minors or...
alisondb.legislature.state.al.us/alison/CodeOfAlabama/1975/13A-12-200.5.htm - 5K - Match Info - Similar pages
Section 13A-12-340 Manufacture, sale, use, etc., of synthetic urine or urine additive. (a)
As used in this section, the following terms have the following meanings: (1) DEFRAUD. A misrepresentation
of a material fact made willfully to deceive or with reckless disregard as to its truth or
falsity. (2) SYNTHETIC URINE. A substance that is designed to simulate the composition, chemical
properties, physical appearance, or physical properties of human urine. (3) URINE ADDITIVE.
A substance that is designed to be added to human urine. (b)(1) No person shall knowingly
manufacture, market, sell, distribute, use, or possess synthetic urine or a urine additive
to defraud an alcohol, drug, or urine screening test. (2) No person shall knowingly use his
or her urine to defraud an alcohol, drug, or urine screening test if the person's urine was
expelled or withdrawn before collection of the urine specimen for the test. (c) This section
does not apply to urine, synthetic urine, or a urine additive...
alisondb.legislature.state.al.us/alison/CodeOfAlabama/1975/13A-12-340.htm - 2K - Match Info - Similar pages
Section 17-5-16 Fraudulent misrepresentation as acting for candidate, etc., prohibited; automated
or pre-recorded communications. (a) It shall be unlawful for any person fraudulently to misrepresent
himself or herself, or any other person or organization with which he or she is affiliated,
as speaking or writing or otherwise acting for or on behalf of any candidate, principal campaign
committee, political action committee, or political party, or agent or employee thereof, in
a manner which is damaging or is intended to be damaging to such other candidate, principal
campaign committee, political action committee, or political party. (b) It shall be unlawful
for any automated or pre-recorded communication initiated, conducted, or transmitted through
an automated telephone dialing service to be conducted without providing clear notice at the
ending of the phone call that the communication was a paid political advertisement and clearly
identifying the person, nonprofit corporation, entity,...
alisondb.legislature.state.al.us/alison/CodeOfAlabama/1975/17-5-16.htm - 2K - Match Info - Similar pages
Section 31-2-22 Disloyal or insulting remarks, gestures, etc., to or about troops engaged in
performance of duties, etc. When troops of any branch of the Armed Forces of the United States
or the State of Alabama are at drill in their respective armories, on the streets, public
roads or other places where such drills are conducted, or while going to or returning from
such duty, or when they are performing other duties required of them by the United States
or the State of Alabama, it shall be unlawful for any person to make any disloyal or insulting
remark, either to or about the troops, or to make any motion or gesture calculated to insult
or humiliate the troops because of their being in such service, and any person guilty of making
such disloyal remarks or of making any such sign, motion, or gesture, for the purpose and
in the manner aforesaid, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor. (Acts 1936, Ex. Sess., No. 143,
p. 105; Code 1940, T. 35, §20; Acts 1973, No. 1038, p. 1572, §21.)...
alisondb.legislature.state.al.us/alison/CodeOfAlabama/1975/31-2-22.htm - 1K - Match Info - Similar pages
Section 34-1A-7 Licenses - Required. (a) Effective January 1, 1998, it shall be unlawful for
any person or business entity to engage in a business regulated by this chapter in this state
without a current valid license or in violation of this chapter and applicable rules and regulations
of the board. (b) Effective January 1, 1998, it shall be unlawful for a person or business
entity not licensed under this chapter to advertise or hold out to the public that he or she
is a licensee of the board. (c) Any person or business entity who violates this chapter or
any order, rule, or regulation of the board shall be guilty of a Class A misdemeanor, and
for each offense for which he or she is convicted shall be punished as provided by law. (d)
Effective January 1, 1998, it shall constitute a Class A misdemeanor to willfully or intentionally
do any of the following: (1) Obliterate the serial number on an alarm system for the purpose
of falsifying service reports. (2) Knowingly and deliberately...
alisondb.legislature.state.al.us/alison/CodeOfAlabama/1975/34-1A-7.htm - 7K - Match Info - Similar pages
Section 11-43-14 Dealing, etc., in warrants, claims, etc., of municipality by officers or employees.
It shall be unlawful for any officer or employee of a town or city, himself or through any
person, to deal or traffic in any manner whatever in any warrant, claim or liability against
the town or city, and any person who violates this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor
and, upon conviction, shall be fined not less than $50.00 nor more than $500.00. If any person
so violating the foregoing provisions is the mayor or any member of the council or any city
board, he shall be subject to impeachment. Nothing contained in this section shall prevent
any officer from selling a claim he may acquire directly from the town or city in payment
of a debt due him or from purchasing in good faith so much of such claims as may be sufficient
to pay his taxes and licenses for the current year. (Code 1907, §7444; Code 1923, §5036;
Code 1940, T. 37, §416.)...
alisondb.legislature.state.al.us/alison/CodeOfAlabama/1975/11-43-14.htm - 1K - Match Info - Similar pages
Section 13A-13-8 Failure to report missing child. (a) This section shall be known and may be
cited as Caylee's Law. (b) For purposes of this section, the following terms shall have the
meanings respectively ascribed to them by this section: (1) ABDUCTION. The removal or retention
of a child without the consent of the child's custodian. (2) CHILD. A person who is less than
18 years of age. (3) CUSTODIAN. A child's father or mother, whether biological or adoptive,
a child's legally appointed guardian, or the spouse of a child's father, mother, or legally
appointed guardian. In the case where only one parent has legal custody, the term means the
parent with legal custody or his or her spouse. (4) GUARDIAN. A guardian as defined in Section
26-2A-20. (5) LOST CHILD. A child who is unable to find his or her way back to his or her
custodian. (6) RUNAWAY CHILD. A child who voluntarily absents himself or herself from the
control of his or her custodian with intent to remain away indefinitely....
alisondb.legislature.state.al.us/alison/CodeOfAlabama/1975/13A-13-8.htm - 3K - Match Info - Similar pages
Section 25-12-17 Operation without valid inspection certificate. After 12 months for power
boilers, 24 months for low pressure steam heating, hot water heating, and hot water supply
boilers, and 36 months for pressure vessels following July 1, 2001, it shall be unlawful for
any person, firm, partnership, or corporation to operate in this state a boiler or pressure
vessel, except a pressure vessel covered by owner or user inspection service as provided for
in Section 25-12-15, without a valid inspection certificate. The operation of a boiler or
pressure vessel without the inspection certificate or at a pressure exceeding that specified
in the inspection certificate or in violation this chapter shall constitute a misdemeanor.
(Act 2000-315, p. 488, §17.)...
alisondb.legislature.state.al.us/alison/CodeOfAlabama/1975/25-12-17.htm - 1K - Match Info - Similar pages
Section 35-12-94 Confidentiality; staff. (a) Certain information contained in a holder's report
to the Treasurer under this article, such as Social Security numbers, policy numbers, tangible
property descriptions, and property dollar amounts, is not considered a public writing, but
is confidential and exempt from the provisions of Section 36-12-40, and not subject to dissemination
to anyone other than the Treasurer and the property owner. Except as expressly authorized
by the Treasurer, it shall be unlawful for any person to print, publish, or divulge any information
regarding property subject to this article. (b) The Treasurer, pursuant to the Alabama Administrative
Procedure Act, may adopt rules necessary to carry out this article. (c) The Treasurer may
employ the staff necessary to carry out the duties conferred upon the Treasurer pursuant to
this article. The salaries for these persons shall be fixed according to the Merit System.
The Treasurer may employ one individual outside the...
alisondb.legislature.state.al.us/alison/CodeOfAlabama/1975/35-12-94.htm - 1K - Match Info - Similar pages